Organizations are always growing and changing. There are moments of boom, and there are moments like the pandemic where entire economies experience a standstill. One of the key ways to actually figure out how to remain in a thriving environment in an organisation, is to take the time to actually understand critical operating parameters. Some of these key operating parameters include the capacity of the organization.
CALCULATING THE MAXIMUM CAPACITY OF AN OPERATION
The maximum capacity of your business is defined as the number of goods and services that can be generated with the critical process bottlenecks in place. Any operations above that scale will be considered a bonus. In a manufacturing environment, for example, the bottleneck may be the tonne output of a critical chemical reagent from a refinery. If a pump is influencing the bottleneck and can produce a volumetric flow that is 25% below its peak, and the pump runs 24 hours and 7 days a week, then the total output of the plant will be no more than (24 hours x 7 days x the peak flow of the pump). The identified bottleneck, can cost the organizations millions of dollars in loss. As an organization, there are various strategies that an organization can implement, just ensure that it is optimizing its capacity.
PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE PROGRAM
Lean and Six Sigma as operational systems are designed to facilitate continuous improvement initiatives in an organization. Starting with the voice of the customer, an appropriate system is built around this desire. Organizations design their operations to satisfy their customers. Depending on whether a product or service is being delivered, it will be in the best interest of the organization to ensure that the system is up and running. A preventative maintenance system will sustain an organization’s control and capability.
Various factors can affect the operation of an organization. With improper maintenance, any system in focus will not be able to satisfy its customer. Examples of the impact that improper maintenance can have include asset failure. For any production run, the absence of critical equipment due to downtime can impact an organization in various ways, particularly from a financial perspective. A suitable example is the case of an organization that generates its own electricity in order to reduce costs. Power plants usually have units such as boilers and turbines. With each of these systems in operation, the organization will be able to be self-sufficient. If any of these power generation systems are compromised, then the organization will have to purchase power from the grid, which is more expensive than generating their own and defeats the initial purpose.
Preventative Maintenance is the means via which problems such as asset failure can be avoided all together. If an organization can foresee a problem, it will be easy for the solution to be implemented. This is the purpose of preventative maintenance. Via utilization of systems such as Industry 4.0 tools and system sensors, the equipment can actually become smarter and inform its operators of approaching failures so that they can be included in the appropriate maintenance plans.
Preventative Maintenance is part of the Reliability Management of an organization. As the name implies, the system implemented ensures that equipment maintenance is on point. Prevention is better than cure, and in a competitive industry, it is always important to ensure that the system can deliver when it says it will. The following example is an outline of how a Preventative Maintenance System can be utilized in ensuring that systems are operating as desired.
Production operating processes utilize pump systems extensively. Depending on an organization, a process system can have as few as ten pumps or hundreds of pumps in operation. Pumps are critical to the transfer of process fluids from one operation to the next. Production systems require certain flows per unit time in order to facilitate the desired production run. Typically, organizations have back up pumps, or back up inventory in order to address certain issues as they arise. Pump inventory includes the standards like packing, the relevant nuts and bolts, and pump impellers.
The challenge with having excess inventory on hand is that it adds to system costs. With a Predictive Maintenance system, the organization can reduce inventory and operate in Just-In-Time state, and save possibly hundreds of thousands of dollars per day. Predictive maintenance systems are smart systems that allow the system to determine beforehand where the possible failures will be.
As an addition to the PFMEA process, once the system failures are identified, their odds are also determined by the system. In turbines for instance, bearings have system links and their temperatures are noted. Once the bearing temperatures are above a certain point, the system will be notified. Reliability engineers will then proceed to analyze the unit and find the root cause. There will be a window within which the team can then order their critical parts and facilitate a planned turbine overhaul, and ensure that the system is producing as it should.
The importance of Predictive Maintenance cannot be stressed. Organizations have utilized these widely in their operations in order to ensure that they are managing their systems as desired. Six Sigma is all about the reduction of wastes, and industry waste and unplanned downtime all contribute to organizational waste. In order to reduce these wastes and have a cleaner running system, Industry 4.0 tools are always welcomed. Technology is always needed for any modern production or service facilities management.
A service example of preventative maintenance systems include a hospital preventative management system. Hospitals, as a service provider, also use various technologies in order to sustain their patients. Auxiliary systems are critical to hospital management. These include incinerators, laundry facilities with boilers to ensure that patients and staff have clean clothing as well as the auxiliary equipment that monitors patients and also performs diagnostic functions. Knowing ahead of time, how these systems operate, what their failure modes are, will ensure that the appropriate plans can be implemented to keep the systems up and running.
Organizations can get comfortable, and neglect equipment, leading to unplanned losses. With preventative maintenance, such incidents will be eliminated.